These are relevant references from the Books where Civil Law is mentioned as it pertains to the words Civil and Civic.
I make no pronouncements on these matters, but report them as I find them.
Arrive at your own conclusions.
I wish you well,
In your veins must flow the blood of your father, once Ubar, War Chieftain, now Administrator of Ko-ro-ba, this City of Cylinders."
I was surprised, for this was the first time I had known that my father had been War Chieftain of the city, or that he was even now its supreme civil official,
Tarnsman of Gor Book 1 Page 58
There are two systems of courts on Gor those of the City, under the jurisdiction of an Administrator or Ubar, and those of the Initiates, under the jurisdiction of the High Initiate of the given city; the division corresponds roughly to that between civil and what, for lack of a better word, might be called ecclesiastical courts. The areas of jurisdiction of these two types of courts are not well defined; the Initiates claim ultimate jurisdiction in all matters, in virtue of their supposed relation to the Priest-Kings, but this claim is challenged by civil jurists.
Tarnsman of Gor Book 1 Page 194
It then occurred to me, suddenly, that, following Gorean civic law, the properties and titles, assets and goods of a given individual who is reduced to slavery are automatically regarded as having been transferred to the nearest male relative or nearest relative if no adult male relative is available or to the city or to, if pertinent, a guardian.
Nomads of Gor Book 4 Page 103
Kazrak, who had been Administrator of the City for several years, had been popular but his straightforward attention, after he had put aside the Red of the Warrior and donned the Brown of the Administrator, to numerous and complex civil and economic matters, such as reform of the courts and laws and controls and regulations pertaining to commerce, had not been such as to inspire the general enthusiasm of the common citizens of Ar, in particular those who remembered with nostalgia the glories and splendors of the reign of Marlenus, that larl of a man, that magnificent Warrior, vain and self-centered, powerful, conceited, yet a dreamer of dreams, of a world undivided and safe for men, a world united, be it at the point of the swords of Ar.
Assassin of Gor Book 5 Pages 142 - 143
The initiates are an almost universal, well-organized, industrious caste. They have many monasteries, holy places and temples. An initiate may often travel for hundreds of pasangs, and, each night, find himself in a house of initiates. They regard themselves as the highest caste, and in many cities, are so regarded generally. There is often a tension between them and the civil authorities, for each regards himself as supreme in matters of policy and law for their district. The initiates have their own laws, and courts, and certain of them are well versed in the laws of the initiates.
. . .
And many men, who suspect that the initiates, in their claims and pretensions, are frauds, will nonetheless avoid coming into conflict with the caste. This is particularly true of civil leaders who do not wish the power of the initiates to turn the lower castes against them.
Marauders of Gor Book 9 Pages 28 - 29
It was the chrism of temporary permission, which, in the teachings of initiates, allows one not consecrated to the service of Priest-Kings to enter the sanctuary. In a sense it is counted an anointing, though an inferior one, and of temporary efficacy. It was first used at roadside shrines, to permit civil authorities to enter and slay fugitives who had taken sanctuary at the altars.
Marauders of Gor Book 9 Page 37
Among the red savages there are various sorts of chief. The primary types of chief are the war chief, the medicine chief and the civil chief. One may be, interestingly, only one sort of chief at a time. This, like the rotation of police powers among warrior societies, is a portion of the checks and balances, so to speak, which tend to characterize tribal governance.
Blood Brothers of Gor Book 18 Page 18
"Cancega seems to be a very important fellow," I said.
"He is more important than you understand," said Cuwignaka. "At this time, during the festivals, he is in charge of the whole camp. We listen to him. We do what he says."
"He is, then," I said, "at this time, in effect, the chief of all the Kaiila."
"I do not think I would put it just that way," said Cuwignaka, somewhat defensively. "The civil chiefs, in deferring to him, are not really relinquishing their power."
"I see the distinction," I said. "Do all the Kaiila ever have but one chief?"
"Sometimes a war chief is elected," said Cuwignaka. "In a sense, then, he is the high chief."
"But a war chief cannot be a civil chief," I said.
"No," said Cuwignaka. "It is better, we think, to keep those things apart."
"That is interesting," I said.
"One may, of course, at different times, be a war chief and a civil chief," said Cuwignaka.
"I understand," I said.
"Sometimes a man is good at both," said Cuwignaka, "but they are still different things."
"I understand," I said.
"Search the palace!" screamed Belnar. "Find him!"
"Yes, Ubar!" cried men, running from the place.
"Ubar," protested Flaminius.
"Contact the appropriate officers, civic and military!" screamed Belnar. "Issue orders! Are you a fool? Have them see to the safety of the streets, the security of the gates, the search for escaped prisoners!"
"Surely you will take command personally," said Flaminius.
"I have other matters to attend to," said Belnar.
"I will take command then, with your permission," said Flaminius. "Have no fear. I will restore order shortly."
"You will do precisely what I have commanded," said Belnar, "and only that."
"Ubar?" asked Flaminius.
"You will organize matters expeditiously," snarled Belnar. "You will then surrender the supervision of these operations to the city captain. You will then join with men in the search for this Bosk of Port Kar. I want everyone who can recognize him, who knows him, guardsman or not, male or female, free or slave, involved in the search!"